Comparative Methods

Boundary Line Type (BLT) Mapping

Tool/software: ESRI ArcGIS

Brief description:

  • Socio-spatial theoretical background presented in Vis (2013a).
  • Conceptualisations to inform spatial data and the building of a GIS practice in Vis (2013b).
  • Presentation of the full (illustrated) boundary line type (BLT) definitions in Vis (submitted).
  • Data preparation and GIS mapping practice explained in Vis (in prep).

Bibliographical reference(s):

  • Vis, B.N. 2013a, Establishing Boundaries: A Conceptualisation for the Comparative Social Study of Built Environment Configurations, Spaces and Flows: An international journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies 2(4): 15-29.
  • Vis, B.N. 2013b, Boundary Concepts for Studying the Built Environment: A framework of socio-spatial reasoning for identifying and operationalising comparative analytical units in GIS, in: Proceedings of the 40th Computer Application and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Conference, Southampton.
  • Vis, B.N. submitted, Boundaries of the Built Environment: A Key to the Comparative Understanding of the Everyday Structure of Settled Societies, Journal of Borderland Studies (under revision). Online: n/a
  • Vis, B.N. in prep., Mapping Socio-Spatial Relations in the Urban Built Environment through Time: Describing the socio-spatial significance of inhabiting urban form, in: Rau, S. and Schönherr, E. (ed.) Mapping Spatial Relations, their Perceptions and Dynamics: the City Today and in the Past, Springer.

Urban Morphological Plan Analysis

Tool/software: n/a

Brief description:

  • Analysis of modern and historical city plans to recover the construction history of the shape and characteristics of the urban built environment.
  • ‘This entry is a stub. People involved are invited to contact us to help expand and improve the information available.’

Bibliographical reference(s):

  • Conzen, M.R.G. 1960, Alnwick, Northumberland: A study in town-plan analysis, Transactions and Papers (Institute of British Geographers) 27.
  • Conzen, M.R.G. 1968, The Use of Town Plans in the Study of Urban History, in: Dyos, H.J. (ed.) The Study of Urban History, Edward Arnold, London: 113-130.
  • Conzen, M.R.G. 1981, The Plan Analysis of an English City Centre, in: Whitehand, J.W.R. (ed.) The Urban Landscape: Historical development and management, Academic Press, London: 25-53.
  • Conzen, M.R.G. 2004, Thinking about Urban Form: papers on urban morphology 1932–1998, Verlag Peter Lang, New York.

Space Syntax

Tool/software: DepthmapConfeego.

Brief description:

  • A quantitative approach to analysing the topological characteristics of building interiors and the urban built environment with connections to spatial cognition and affordance. Often used for analysing way-finding potential, predicting the liveliness of streets (spatial integration), and creating graphs representing a progression from public to private spaces.
  • ‘This entry is a stub. People involved are invited to contact us to help expand and improve the information available.’

Bibliographical reference(s):

  • Hillier, B. and Hanson, J. 1984, The Social Logic of Space, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Hillier, B. 2007, Space is the Machine, Space Syntax, London.

Architectural Communication

Tool/software: n/a

Brief description:

  • An anthropological approach to the levels of meaning conveyed in architecture and/or the built environment.

Bibliographical reference(s):

  • Rapoport, A. 1988, Levels of Meaning in the Built Environment, in: Poyatos, F (ed.) Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Non Verbal Communication, C.J. Hogrefe, Toronto: 317-36.
  • Rapoport, A. 1990, The Meaning of the Built Environment: A Nonverbal Communication Approach, University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
  • Smith, M.E. 2007, Form and Meaning in the Earliest Cities: A new approach to ancient urban planning, Journal of Planning History 6(1): 3-47.